FESTIVAL OF RAMZAN
Amongst the various Muslim festivals, Ramzan ID or Ramadan is treated as most sacred and most popular and holds great significance for Muslims across the world. Ramzan Id is also known as Eid-Ul-Fitr and though a festival, the month of Ramzan is celebrated without feasting and merriment.
Ramzan is the ninth month according to Islamic Lunar calendar and considered to be the most holy month. According to the holy book of Quran, the Muslims believe that Muhammad first received the revelations or that the Quran was revealed on this day, after a long period of prayer and fasting.
‘Rozas’ or fasting during this period is a must for adult Muslims, except those who are suffering from an illness, travelling, are elderly, pregnant, breastfeeding, diabetic or going through their menstrual cycle. The fasting and depriving oneself of worldly pleasures is a long preparation made by Muslims, before the day of the Ramzan festival.
During their fast from dawn till sunset, Muslims refrain from consuming food, drinking liquids, smoking, and engaging in sexual relations. They are also instructed to refrain from all other sinful behavior like bad thoughts, speech and action as this may reduce or negate the reward of fasting. Food and drinks are served daily after prayer, before dawn and after sunset, referred to as Suhoor and Iftar respectively.
The month-long fast ends on the day of Eid where Muslims begin their day by opening their fast and attending prayer sermons. After that they have large communal gatherings, inviting their family and friends to a feast.
Women prepare delicacies and sweet dishes like ‘Sevian’ (vermicelli cooked in sweetened milk) or ‘Sheer Kurma’ (sweetened milk with dates). People may also exchange gifts with each other. On this day, every Muslim, even those who have not observed the fast or ‘Rozas’, is supposed to give alms to a needy person as thanksgiving. The amount to be gifted must be in excess of one’s essential needs and free from all encumbrances of debt.
This year Eid-Ul-Fitr or Ramzan Eid will be observed on 26th June 2017.